One of the most famous researchers in the field of color and color perception characteristics is
Johannes Itten is a Swiss artist.
The physics of light was studied by the famous physicist Isaac Newton.
Color is a complex concept that contains both physical characteristics and psychological (perception), this is the representation that appears in a person when the light flows through the eye. The luminous flux of color itself does not, the color is indicated when deciphering the human eye and the brain.

That stream of light that has the same spectral composition, forms different views in different people, because the physical features of the eyes are different and for each person the color is different from the idea of ​​color by another person.
The idea of
​​color depends on cultural differences, upbringing, personal preferences, individual experience.
Different colors are created by light waves, which represent a certain kind of electromagnetic energy.
Features of human perception of light: the eye perceives light at a wavelength of 400 to 700 millicron.
Spectral (pure colors): red, orange, yellow, green, blue and purple.