( translation of electronic)
Since ancient times, people, creating a
fabric, it sought to beautify, ways to create drawings on the tissues over time have changed, but with the development of technologies that do
not become obsolete people's
desire for creativity, expression,
to create a unique external image.
What does the term "batik"?
This word combined a variety of methods of hand-painted fabrics.
Currently distinguish cold batik, hot batik, tie-dyeing method
and the method of free painting.
In the Great Soviet Encyclopedia explains that "based on the combination
of batik drawing, applied to the fabric impermeable
to ink composition (in
hot batik - the
heated part of the wax during cold batik -
rubber cement", followed by staining ...
The word «batik» translated
from Indonesian language means a
hand-painted cloth, "ba" - cotton fabric, and «tik» - a point or a
Many of the world's peoples: Indians, Chinese,
Egyptians, Peruvians - from ancient times developed this art, but it reached a zenith in Java (Indonesia).
there was a batik? This question is
still being debated. Some scholars argue that the Egyptians made batik still 4c BC The most reliable sources are called 13b
beginning of the development of batik
Batik in ancient times was
distributed not only in Indonesia
but also in India,
where this method of dyeing fabric called "bandhana" and "Lacher."
Chinese gave the world silk and as a consequence - the way it stains.
Technique "latsze" - which means "wax
pattern" - very similar to Batik.
Japan, where batik,
according to scientists who came from India or
China, it was called "roketi." Such fabrics are used for
In Europe, batik was in the early 17th
century, thanks to the Dutch. The
Europeans have modernized the art
of making it semi.
early 20th century batik again came into vogue in
Europe, England and America.
In Russia in the second half of the 20th century, and especially at the end,
there was a rapid development of this art form and the opening of new areas.
These days, batik is a leader in a number of decorative arts, allowing you to create
exclusive fabrics, popular artists and
high fashion, and fashion,
creating a more democratic clothing.
Batik is widely used in interior design, perfectly combined with different stylistic and color decisions.